Chronology of the Judges

CHRONOLOGY OF THE JUDGES

THIRD PERIOD

FROM THE PASSOVER NIGHT TO THE SETTING OF THE FOUNDATION OF THE TEMPLE.
EMBRACES 480 YEARS.
A.M. Name and Events Years References B.C.
2408 The Exodus. End of 430 years after promise to Abraham to Passover Start of 480 of 1 Kings 6:1 Children of Israel come out of Egypt in the fourth generation, or 170 years. NOTE 1KI 6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.
Gen. 15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.
1494
2408 The spies with the exception of Joshua and Caleb, give an evil report NOTE Num. 14:37,38 Even those men that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the LORD. But Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of the men that went to search the land, lived still. 1494
2448 Moses dies, aged 120; Sojourn in the wilderness ends: Joshua succeeds him, being 80 years old: he invades Canaan at harvest time on the 10th of the first month. End of 400 years of Sojourning 40 DEU 34:7 And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.
JOS 3:15 And as they that bare the ark were come unto Jordan, and the feet of the priests that bare the ark were dipped in the brim of the water, (for Jordan overfloweth all his banks all the time of harvest,)
JOS 4:19 And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho.
1454
2448 The people circumcised and keep the Passover in the plains of Jericho; the supply of manna stopped two days after. N/a Josh. 5:2 At that time the LORD said unto Joshua, Make thee sharp knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.
Josh. 5:12 And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more; but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year.
1454
2448 The Angel-prince of Yahweh's host appears armed to Joshua N/A Josh. 5:13 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us, or for our adversaries? 1454
2448 Seven priestly trumpeters compass Jericho once a day for six days, followed by the ark of the Covenant; but on the seventh day seven times; and at the seventh time the people shouted, and the wall of the city fell N?A JOS 6:20 So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city. 1454
2453 The land of Canaan has rest from war five years after the passage of Jordan: Caleb 85 yrs. 5 Josh 14:10, 15; 11:2; 23:1; 26:29 1449
2478 Joshua dies, aged 110, and is succeeded by the judges 25 Judges 1:13; 2:9 1424
2478 Period of the Elders who outlived Joshua, Period of Rebellion, (Included in Othniel's Judgeship) N?A Judges 2:17 And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD; but they did not so. 1424
2478 Cushan-ridshathaim conquest of 8 years (Included in Othniel's judgeship) N/A Judges 3:8 Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years. 1424
2478 Start of Othniel Judging Israel 40 yrs. N/A Judges 3:11 And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died. 1424
2518 Othniel dies after 40 years. Start of Eglon of Moab captivity of 18 yrs (Included in Ehud's Judgeship) 40 Judges 3:14 So the children of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years. 1384
2518 Beginning of Ehud & Shamgar rest of 80 yrs N/A Judges 3:30 So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest fourscore years. 1384
2598 End of Ehud & Shamgar, Jaban of Canaan captivity 20 yrs (Included in Deborah and Barak's judgeship.) 80 Judges 4:2-3 And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose host was Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles. And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel. 1304
2598 Deborah and Barak begins judgship N/A Judges 5:31 So let all thine enemies perish, O LORD: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might. And the land had rest forty years. 1304
2638 End of Deborah and Barak, Captivity to Midian 7 yrs (Included in Judgeship of Gideon) 40 Judges 6:1 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered them into the hand of Midian seven years. 1264
2638 Begin Gideon's judgship of 40 yrs N/A Judges 8:28 Thus was Midian subdued before the children of Israel, so that they lifted up their heads no more. And the country was in quietness forty years in the days of Gideon. 1264
2678 End of Gideon's judgship begin Abimelech judges 3 yrs 40 Judges 9:22 When Abimelech had reigned three years over Israel, 1224
2681 End of Abimelech judgship, beginning of Tola judges 23 yrs 3 Judges 10:1 And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim. 2And he judged Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried in Shamir. 1221
2704 End of Tola's judgship, start of Jair judges Israel 22 yrs 23 Judges 10:3 And after him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty and two years. 1198
2726 End of Jair's judgship. Philistine Invasion of 18 yrs (Included in the Judgeships of Jephthah, Ibzan, and Elon 22 Judges 10:8 And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead. 1176
2726 Jepthah begins judging Israel 6 yrs N/A Judges 12:7 And Jephthah judged Israel six years. Then died Jephthah the Gileadite, and was buried in one of the cities of Gilead. 1176
2732 End of Jephthah, Start of Ibzan judging Israel 7 yrs 6 Judges 12:8 And after him Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel. 9And he had thirty sons, and thirty daughters, whom he sent abroad, and took in thirty daughters from abroad for his sons. And he judged Israel seven years. 1170
2737 Eli begins Judges Israel 40 years: Eli's judgship refers to his rule as High Priest, not as civil judge and is not of the Judges N/A 1 Sam. 4:18 And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. And he had judged Israel forty years. 1165
2738 Birth of Samuel N/A Josephus 1164
2739 End of Ibzan's judging Israel 7 years, start of Elon Judging Israel 10 yrs 7 Judges 12:1 And after him Elon, a Zebulonite, judged Israel; and he judged Israel ten years. 1163
2749 End of Elon's judgship, start of Abdon Judging Israel 8 yrs 10 Judges 12:13 And after him Abdon the son of Hillel, a Pirathonite, judged Israel. And he had forty sons and thirty nephews, that rode on threescore and ten ass colts: and he judged Israel eight years. 1153
2750 Eli's judgeship to the establishment of Samuel the Prophet. N/A Samuel called at age 12 in the 13th year of Eli (Josephus) 1154
2757 End of Abdon's 8 years judgship. Start of Samson judging Israel 20 years (Whose Judgship was in the days of the Philistines) 8 Judges 15:20 And he judged Israel in the days of the Philistines twenty years. 1145 ,/tr>
2757 Philistine persecution of 40 years begins It includes the 20 yrs. of Samson's judgship plus the 20 years while Ark was at Kirjath-jearim. N/A Judges 13:1 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD delivered them into the hand of the Philistines forty years. 1145
2777 Death of Samson. Invasion of Philistines of 1 Sam. 4. Death of Eli in this 40th year of judgeship. The start of Samuel's judgship. 20 1 Sam. 4:18 And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. And he had judged Israel forty years. 1125
2797 Samuel calls for a rebellion against Philistines 20 years after Ark is taken, Samuel 59 Years Old 20 1 Sam. 7:1-2 And the men of Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD. And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years: and all the house of Israel lamented after the LORD. 1105
2804 Samuel Anoints Saul King. Start of Saul's 40 year reign. Samuel is 66 and begins Joint rule with Samuel. 7 N/A 1098
2817 Saul Defeats Philistines, Israel accepts him as King Judgeship of Samuel and 13-14 year joint reign of with Saul ends. Samuel is 79 End Of About 450 Years (449) 13 N/A 1085
2819 God Rejects Saul as King Samuel is 81 2 N/A 1083
2826 David is Anointed King. David is 12. Samuel is 88. 7 N/A 1076
2831 David Slays Goliath at 17 .Hostility with Saul Begins 5 N/A 1071
2843 Samuel Dies at age 105 12 N/A 1059
2844 End of reign of Saul, start of Reign of David of 40 years 1 N/A 1058
2884 Death of David. Reign of Solomon Begins 40 N/A 1018
2888 4th of Solomon End of 480 years from Going out on Passover 4 N/A 1014

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