CHRONOLOGY OF THE KINGS
FOURTH PERIODFROM THE LAYING OF THE FOUNDATION OF THE TEMPLE TO THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE.
EMBRACES 430 YEARS.
|A.M.||Name and Events||Years||References||B.C.|
|2888||4th of Solomon, End of 480 years of coming out of Egypt, Start of 40 years of Ezekiel laying on his right side for Judah and Start of the total of 430 years of Eze 4.||NOTE||1KI 6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.||1014|
|2895||The Temple is Complete||NOTE||1KI 6:37-38 In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the LORD laid, in the month Zif: And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it.||1007|
|2924||The Death of Solomon, The Reign of Rehoboam begins||36||1KI 14:21 And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess.||974|
|2924||The Rebellion of Jeroboam who reigns 22 years, The Division of Israel||NOTE||1KI 14:20 And the days which Jeroboam reigned were two and twenty years: and he slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in his stead.||974|
|2928|| The disobedience of Rehoboam after three years, and before 5 years.
The end of the 40 years of Eze. 4, Ezekiel laying on his right side 40 years
|NOTE|| 2CH 11:17 So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong, three years: for three years they walked in the way of David and Solomon.
2CH 12:2 And it came to pass, that in the fifth year of king Rehoboam Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, because they had transgressed against the LORD,
|2941||The death of Rehoboam, The Reign of Abijam in Judah||17||1KI 15:1-2 Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. and his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.||957|
|2944||The death of Abijam, The Reign of Asa in Judah begins||3||1KI 15:9-10 And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah. And forty and one years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.||954|
|2946||The death of Jeroboam, The reign of Nadab for 2 years||NOTE||1KI 15:25 And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years.||952|
|2947||The murder of Nadab, The reign of Baasha for 24 years||NOTE||1KI 15:28 Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha slay him, and reigned in his stead. 1KI 15:33 In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years.||951|
|2970||The death of Baasha, The Reign of Elah for 2 years||NOTE||1KI 16:8 In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.||928|
|2971||The murder of Elah, The reign of Zimri for 7 days||NOTE|| 1KI 16:10 And Zimri went in and smote him, and killed him, in the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his stead.
1KI 16:15 In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. And the people were encamped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines.
|2971||The murder of Zimri, The start of the joint reign of Omri and Tibni||NOTE||1KI 16:21-22 Then were the people of Israel divided into two parts: half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath, to make him king; and half followed Omri. But the people that followed Omri prevailed against the people that followed Tibni the son of Ginath: so Tibni died, and Omri reigned.||927|
|2975||Murder of Tibni, Sole Reign of Omri: His reign is a total of 12 years (including joint reign with Tibni)||NOTE||1KI 16:23 In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah.||923|
|2982||Death of Omri, Reign of Ahab for 22 years||NOTE||1KI 16:28-29 So Omri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria: and Ahab his son reigned in his stead. And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years.||915|
|2985||Death of Asa, Jehoshaphat Reigns in Judah||41||1KI 22:41-42 And Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel. Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.||917|
|3002||Ahab dies in battle, Reign of Ahaziah for 2 years||NOTE||1KI 22:51 Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel.||900|
|3003||Ahaziah becomes sick in his second year and must yield to Jehoram his brother, but does not die for 9 more years.||NOTE|| 2KI 1:17 So he (Ahaziah) died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. And Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son.
2KI 3:1 Now Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned twelve years.
|3010||Death of Jeshoshaphat, Reign of Jehoram (son of Jehoshaphat) in Judah||25||2KI 8:16-17 And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign. Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem.||892|
|3018||Death of Jehoram, Reign of Ahaziah in Judah for 1 year||8|| 2KI 8:24-26 And Joram slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead. In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign. Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel.
2KI 9:29 And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah.
|3019||Jehu's Rebellion, Murder of Ahaziah, Athaliah, his mother reigns in Judah 6 years Murder of Jehoram, Reign of Jehu is 28 years||1||2KI 10:34-36 Now the rest of the acts of Jehu, and all that he did, and all his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? And Jehu slept with his fathers: and they buried him in Samaria. And Jehoahaz his son reigned in his stead. And the time that Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria was twenty and eight years.||883|
|3025||Athaliah is murdered, Reign of Joash in Judah begins||6||2CH 24:1 Joash was seven years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Zibiah of Beersheba.||877|
|3048||Death of Jehu, Reign of Jehoahaz for 17 years||NOTE||2KI 13:1 In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years.||854|
|3062||Death of Jehoahaz, Reign of Jehoash for 16 years||NOTE||2KI 13:10 In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years.||840|
|3065||Death of Joash, Reign of Amaziah in Judah||40||2KI 14:1-2 In the second year of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel reigned Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah. He was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem.||837|
|3080||Death of Jehoash, Reign of Jeroboam II for 41 years, 9 years of which he co-reigned with his father||NOTE||2KI 14:23 In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel began to reign in Samaria, and reigned forty and one years.||822|
|3094||Death of Amaziah, Reign of Azariah (Uzziah) in Judah||29||2KI 15:1-2 In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign. Sixteen years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned two and fifty years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jecholiah of Jerusalem.||808|
|3108||Death of Jeroboam II, No immediate successor||NOTE||NOTE||794|
|3132||Reign of Zachariah for 6 months||NOTE||2KI 15:8 In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months.||770|
|3133||Murder of Zachariah, Reign of Sallum for 1 month||NOTE||2KI 15:13 Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the nine and thirtieth year of Uzziah king of Judah; and he reigned a full month in Samaria.||769|
|3133||Murder of Shallum, Reign of Menahem for 10 years||NOTE||2KI 15:17 In the nine and thirtieth year of Azariah king of Judah began Menahem the son of Gadi to reign over Israel, and reigned ten years in Samaria.||769|
|3144||Death of Menahem, Reign of Pekahiah for 2 years||NOTE||2KI 15:23 In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.||758|
|3146||Death of Pekahiah, Reign of Pekah for 20 years||NOTE||2KI 15:27 In the two and fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.||756|
|3146||Death of Azariah (Uzziah), Reign of Jotham in Judah||52||2KI 15:32-33 In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign. Five and twenty years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jerusha, the daughter of Zadok.||756|
|3162||Death of Jotham, Reign of Ahaz in Judah||16||2KI 16:1-2 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign. Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD his God, like David his father.||740|
|3174||Reign of Hoshea, last King of Israel for 9 years||NOTE||2KI 17:1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years.||728|
|3178||Death of Ahaz, Reign of Hezekiah in Judah||16||2Ki 18:1-2 Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign. Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah.||724|
|3184||Fall of Samaria to Shalmaneser||NOTE||2KI 18:9-10 And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it. And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is in the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken.||BC 718|
|3207||Death of Hezekiah, Reign of Manasseh in Judah||29||2CH 33:1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem:||695|
|3262||Death of Manasseh, Reign of Amon in Judah||55||2CH 33:21 Amon was two and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned two years in Jerusalem.||640|
|3264||Death of Amon, Reign of Josiah in Judah||2||2CH 34:1 Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem one and thirty years.||638|
|3282||Josiah's Passover||NOTE|| 2CH 35:18-19 And there was no passover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept.
EZE 1:1-2 Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river of Chebar, that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God. In the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity,
|3295||Death of Josiah, Reign of Jehoahaz in Judah||31||2CH 36:2 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem.||607|
|3296||Jehoahaz dethroned by Pharaoh Necho and removed to Egypt, Reign of Jehoiakim in Judah in servitude to Egypt||3 mos.||2CH 36:4-5 And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and turned his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother, and carried him to Egypt. Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God.||606|
|3299|| Third year of Jehoiakim, Nebuchadnezzar begins Reign
8th of Nebuchadnezzar is the 11th of Jehoiakim.
|NOTE|| 2KI 24:1 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years: then he turned and rebelled against him.
2KI 24:12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.
|3300||Nebuchadnezzar's dream in his second year||NOTE||DAN 2:1 And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams, wherewith his spirit was troubled, and his sleep brake from him.||602|
|3307||Jehoiachin reigns 3 months||11||2KI 24:8 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. And his mother's name was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.||595|
|3307||Jehoiachin is carried away to Babylon, Reign of Zedekiah begins||3 mo.|| 2KI 24:12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.
2KI 24:17-18 And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah. Zedekiah was twenty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
|3312||Eze 1:1 5th of Jehoiachin's captivity, which is 30 from Josiah's Pass Over||1||NOTE: There is a one year change in the Chronology's AM dates here. This is to accommodate Eze. Dates, and to harmonize with the 430 years prophesy of Eze. 4:13 The one year must have come from the two short reigns of Jehoahaz and Jehoiachin, and whatever balance of years needed to be included in the starting and stopping of the other kings..||590|
|3318||End of Zedekiah and the Kings of Israel, 430 from the 4th of Solomon Destruction of the Temple||11|| EZE 33:21 And it came to pass in the twelfth year of our captivity, in the tenth month, in the fifth day of the month, that one that had escaped out of Jerusalem came unto me, saying, The city is smitten.
2KI 25:1-2 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he, and all his host, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it; and they built forts against it round about. And the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah.
2KI 25:8 And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem:
|3318||End of the 430 years of Eze 4:3. 40 years for Judah (from the 4th of Solomon to Rehoboam's disobedience in his fourth year) and 390 years for the continued periods of disobedience.||NOTE||EZE 4:4-8 Lie thou also upon thy left side, and lay the iniquity of the house of Israel upon it: according to the number of the days that thou shalt lie upon it thou shalt bear their iniquity. For I have laid upon thee the years of their iniquity, according to the number of the days, three hundred and ninety days: so shalt thou bear the iniquity of the house of Israel. And when thou hast accomplished them, lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed thee each day for a year. Therefore thou shalt set thy face toward the siege of Jerusalem, and thine arm shall be uncovered, and thou shalt prophesy against it. And, behold, I will lay bands upon thee, and thou shalt not turn thee from one side to another, till thou hast ended the days of thy siege.||584|