CHRONOLOGY OF THE PATRIARCHS
FIFTH PERIODFROM THE FIRST INVASION OF NEBUCHADNEZZAR TO THE FREEING OF JERUSALEM IN WW I.
EMBRACES 2520 YEARS.
|A.M.||Name and Events||Years||References||B.C.|
|3322||The captivity is completed with the carrying away into Babylon in the 23rd of Nebuchadnezzar||NOTE||JER 52:28-30 This is the people whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: in the seventh year three thousand Jews and three and twenty: In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred thirty and two persons: In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons: all the persons were four thousand and six hundred.||580|
|3332||Prophesy of Ezekiel's Temple||NOTE||EZE 40:1 In the five and twentieth year of our captivity, in the beginning of the year, in the tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after that the city was smitten, in the selfsame day the hand of the LORD was upon me, and brought me thither.||570|
|3369||End of Babylonian Reign of 70 years, Start of 2400 evening mornings of Dan.8.||NOTE||DAN 8:13-14 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.(Septuagent= 2,400 days)||533|
The first year of Cyrus' sole reign, Cyrus declares the Temple to be built in Jerusalem. Cyrus' reign is 7 years as sole emperor. ó Rollin (Not the 9 years of most historians)
|3378||The reign of Cambyses, Cyrus' son probably the Ahasuerus of Ezra 4:6||NOTE|| Cambyses reigns 7 years--Rollins
EZR 4:6 And in the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, wrote they unto him an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.
Rollin Vol 1:183 "Cambyses reigned 7 years and 5 months. In Scriptures, he is called Ahasuerus."
|3385||Smerdis the Magian: The Artaxerxes of Ezra 4. Smerdis reigns 7 months (which coupled with the 5 months of Cambyses makes an additional year||NOTE|| EZR 4:7 And in the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of their companions, unto Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the writing of the letter was written in the Syrian tongue, and interpreted in the Syrian tongue.
Rollin Vol. 1:183 "This prince is called in the Scriptures Artaxerxes. He reigned a little more than 7 months
|3386||Darius I or Darius Hystaspis||NOTE||NOTE||516|
|3388||2nd of Darius, the work on the temple begins anew.||NOTE||EZR 4:24 Then ceased the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem. So it ceased unto the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.||514|
|3392||Temple completed in 6th of Darius Hystaspis, 70 years after the completion of the captivity of the Jews in the 23rd of Nebuchadnezzar||NOTE||EZR 6:15 And this house was finished on the third day of the month Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king.||510|
|3422||Start of the reign of Xerxes. Xerxes Reign is 12 years Rollin's (21 by modern historians)||NOTE||(Rollin Vol 1: 247, 273) "Xerxes reign lasted but twelve years, but it abounds with great events."||480|
|3434||Start of the Reign of Artaxerxes||NOTE||There is no great time period missing between historians who say Xerxes reigned 21 years, and those who say he reigned 12. The time is made up with corresopnding differences in the reign of Artaxerxes. The time difference between Xerxes and Artaxerxes is important for one reason. It sets a different year for the decree of Artaxerxes, which is the beginning of the 70 weeks of Daniel's prophesy.||468|
|3439||Decree in 7th or Artaxerxes. Start of 70 weeks Prophesy. Rollin dates this 6 years into Artaxerxes' reign. Rollin Vol 1: 279||NOTE|| EZR 7:7-8 And there went up some of the children of Israel, and of the priests, and the Levites, and the singers, and the porters, and the Nethinims, unto Jerusalem, in the seventh year of Artaxerxes the king. And he came to Jerusalem in the fifth month, which was in the seventh year of the king.
EZR 7:13-24 I make a decree, that all they of the people of Israel, and of his priests and Levites, in my realm, which are minded of their own freewill to go up to Jerusalem, go with thee. Forasmuch as thou art sent of the king, and of his seven counsellors, to enquire concerning Judah and Jerusalem, according to the law of thy God which is in thine hand; And to carry the silver and gold, which the king and his counsellors have freely offered unto the God of Israel, whose habitation is in Jerusalem, And all the silver and gold that thou canst find in all the province of Babylon, with the freewill offering of the people, and of the priests, offering willingly for the house of their God which is in Jerusalem: That thou mayest buy speedily with this money bullocks, rams, lambs, with their meat offerings and their drink offerings, and offer them upon the altar of the house of your God which is in Jerusalem. And whatsoever shall seem good to thee, and to thy brethren, to do with the rest of the silver and the gold, that do after the will of your God. The vessels also that are given thee for the service of the house of thy God, those deliver thou before the God of Jerusalem. And whatsoever more shall be needful for the house of thy God, which thou shalt have occasion to bestow, bestow it out of the king's treasure house. And I, even I Artaxerxes the king, do make a decree to all the treasurers which are beyond the river, that whatsoever Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, shall require of you, it be done speedily, Unto an hundred talents of silver, and to an hundred measures of wheat, and to an hundred baths of wine, and to an hundred baths of oil, and salt without prescribing how much. Whatsoever is commanded by the God of heaven, let it be diligently done for the house of the God of heaven: for why should there be wrath against the realm of the king and his sons? Also we certify you, that touching any of the priests and Levites, singers, porters, Nethinims, or ministers of this house of God, it shall not be lawful to impose toll, tribute, or custom, upon them.
|3452||Decree of Artaxerxes in 20th year, Rollin says the 20th of Ezra is BC 454||NOTE|| NEH 2:1 And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, that wine was before him: and I took up the wine, and gave it unto the king. Now I had not been beforetime sad in his presence.
Neh. 2:5-8 And I said unto the king, If it please the king, and if thy servant have found favour in thy sight, that thou wouldest send me unto Judah, unto the city of my fathers' sepulchres, that I may build it. And the king said unto me, (the queen also sitting by him,) For how long shall thy journey be? and when wilt thou return? So it pleased the king to send me; and I set him a time. Moreover I said unto the king, If it please the king, let letters be given me to the governors beyond the river, that they may convey me over till I come into Judah; And a letter unto Asaph the keeper of the king's forest, that he may give me timber to make beams for the gates of the palace which appertained to the house, and for the wall of the city, and for the house that I shall enter into. And the king granted me, according to the good hand of my God upon me.
|NOTE||Death of A. Longimanus at the start of his 49th year. Xerxes II Reign of 45 days||NOTE||Rollin Vol. 1:310 "Artaxerxes died at about the beginning of his 49th year of his reign. "Sogdianus (Xerxes II brother, son of A. Longimanus), in concert with Pharnacias, one of Xerxes's eunuchs came insidiously, one festival day, to the new king, who, after drinking too immoderately, was retired to his chamber, in order to give the fumes of the wine he had drunk time to evaporate: where he killed him without any difficulty, after he had reigned by forty-five days; and was declared king in his stead.||419|
|NOTE||Reign of Sogdianus of 6 months, 15 days||NOTE||Rollin Vol. 1:311 "Thus this wicked prince lost his life and empire, which he enjoyed only six months and fifteen days."||419|
|NOTE||Reign of Darius Nothos of 19 years||NOTE||Rollin Vol. 1:346 "It was about the end of the Peloponnesian war, that Darius Nothus, king of Persia, died, after a reign of 19 yrs."||419|
|NOTE||End of Seven weeks, (49 years) of the 70 weeks prophesy. 49 years of prosperity and peace under Persian protection ended when the Egyptians rose up against Persia and took Palestine who embraced the Egyptian cause. We are not told when this broke out. Only that it began after BC 419, and was over by BC 411.||NOTE||The continual intrigue at court of Darius Nothos led to rebellion throughout the empire, but most importantly culminating in the outbreak of war between Egypt and Persia. Egypt had cast off the Persian yoke and taken control of all of Judah. It was not till 411 that Persia had ended the uprising. A. Mnemon, visiting the region a little later (BC 399) put the area to tribute, for Judah's rebellion against Persia.||414|
|NOTE||Reign of Artaxerxes Mnemon of 43 years. Rollin points out that Mnemon was dead for the last 10 months of his reign, Ochus ruling in his father's name, fearing to take the Crown till he had pretended that his father had bequeathed it to him. So his reign was actually 42 years.||NOTE||Rollin Vol. 1:" It over powered him and brought him to his grave after a reign of 43 years."||400|
|NOTE||Reign of Artaxerxes III (also called Ochus.) It is here that my dates come in harmony with the general line of historians, them placing this at BC 358||NOTE||Rollin Vol 1: 497 "After having reigned 23 years, Ochus died of poison given him by Bagoas." (BC 361-338) Oxford Atlas: Artaxerxes III reigns 21 years (BC 358 - 337)||358|
|NOTE||The reign of Arsus of 2 years||NOTE||Rollin 1:497 "Arsus had reigned about 2 years." (BC 338 - 336) Oxford: Arses (BC 337-335)||337|
|NOTE||The reign of Darius Codomanus||NOTE||Rollin: 1:566 Darius died after a reign of six years from 337 - 330 Oxford: BC 335-330||335|
|NOTE||The Reign of Alexander the Great BC 333-321||NOTE||Alexander's victory over Darius Codomanus at Issus BC 333||333|
|NOTE||The death of Darius following his defeat at Arbela BC 330 Both Histories join together at this date, and will only vary marginally from this point on.||NOTE||NOTE||330|
|NOTE||The death of Alexander after reigning 12 years||NOTE|| Macc. 1:7 And after Alexander had reigned twelve years, he died.
Oxford: Alexander died 323.
Rollin: Alexander died 321
|NOTE||The original forming of the four winged Leopard at Alexander's death. Antigonus, Craterus, Antipater, Ptolomy||NOTE|| Rollin Vol. 2:18 Antigonus penetrated into his [Perdiccas'] design, [Perdiccas desired to marry Alexander's widowed full sister Cleopatra, who was beloved by the Greeks in order to gain control of the empire] and evidently foresaw that his own destruction was to be the foundation of the intended success. He, therefore, passed into Greece with the greatest expedition, in order to find Anitpater and Craterus, who were then engaged in a war with the Aetolians, and disclosed to them the whole plan that Perdiccas had formed. Upon this intelligence they immediately came to an accommodation with the Aetolians, and advanced towards the Hellespont, to observe the motions of the new enemy; and in order to strengthen their own part, they engaged Ptolemy, governor of Egypt, in their interest.
DAN 8:8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.
|NOTE||Cassander replaces Craterus in Macedonia and Greece, Lysimachus replaces Antipater||NOTE||NOTE||316|
|NOTE||Antigonus tries to take control of the empire, BC 314. Seleucus Nicator makes a league with the other three, defeats Antigonus in Babylon, replacing him as a wing, and taking his possession BC311.||NOTE||Rollin, II:31 "Seleucus knew how to represent the formidable power of Antigonus so effectually to Ptolemy, that he engaged him in a league with Lysimachus and Cassander, whom he had also convinced, by the information which he had sent them, of the danger they had reason to apprehend from the power of that prince.||314|
|NOTE||Seleucus Nicator defeats Antigonus in Babylon, replacing him as a wing, and taking his possession BC 311. This is thought to begin the Maccabees' "Era of the Greeks." The Start of the kingdom of the Greeks must be 137 years before A. Epiphanes||NOTE|| Rollin II: 34 "With this entry into Babylon commences the famous era of the Seleucidae, received by all the people of the East, as well Pagans as Jews, Christians and Mahommedans. The Jews call it the Era of Contracts, because when they were subjected to the government of the Syro-Macedonian kings, they were obliged to insert it into the dates of their contracts and other civil writings.
Macc.1:10 From them came forth a sinful root, Antiochus Epiphanes, son of King Antiochus; he had been a hostage in Rome. He began to reign in the one hundred thirty-seventh year of the kingdom of the Greeks.
|NOTE||The four-fold divisions are made into formal empires||NOTE||Rollin II:47 "After the battle of Issus, the four confederate princes divided the dominions of Antigonus among themselves, and added them to those which they already possessed."||301|
|NOTE||NOTE||NOTE||Rollin II:47 "The empire of Alexander was thus divided into four kingdoms. Ptolemy had Egypt, Lybia, Arabia, Coele-Syria, and Palestine: Cassander had Macedonian and Greece: Lysmachus, Thrace, Bithynia, and some other privinces beyond the Hellespont, and the Bosphorus, and Seleucus all the rest of Asia, to the other side of the Euphrates and as far as the river Indus.||300|
|NOTE||Ptolemy Soter was the pre-eminent of the generals, He was to be strong above him (the King of the North, Seleucus) Of Ptolemy Soter's 40 years reigning in Egypt, 2 of them were from 323-321 when sent their by Alexander, before the Notable Horn's death.||NOTE|| DAN 11:5 And the king of the south shall be strong, and one of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion shall be a great dominion.
Rollin II: 55 "Towards the close of this year died Ptolemy Soter, king of Egypt, in the eighty- fourth year of his age, and two years after resignation of his empire to his son. He was the most able, and worthy man of all his race, and left behind him such examples of prudence, justice, and clemency, as very few of his successors were industrious to imitate. During the space of near forty years, in which he governed Egypt after the death of Alexander, he raised it to such a height of grandeur and power, as rendered it superior to the other kingdoms. He retained upon the throne the same fondness for simplicity of manners, and the same aversion for ostentatious pomp, as he discovered when he first ascended itó He was accessible to his subjects even to a degree of familiarity. He frequently ate with them at their own houses; and, when he gave any entertainment himself, he thought it no disgrace to borrow plate from the rich, because he had but very little of his own, and no more than was necessary for his common use. And when some persons represented to him that the regal dignity seemed to require an air of greater opulence, his answer was, ëThat the true grandeur of a king consisted in the enriching others, not in being rich himself."
|NOTE||The beginning of the break in the four horned confederacy||NOTE|| Rollin II:77 "Magas, [brother of Ptolemy Philadelphus] king of Cyrene and Lybia, growing very aged and infirmed, caused overtures of accommodation to be tendered to his brother Ptolemy, with the proposal of marriage between Berenice, his only daughter, and the eldest son of the king of Egypt, and a promise to give her all his dominions for her dowry. The negotiations succeeded, and a peace was concluded on those terms.
"Magas, however, died before the execution of the treaty, having continued in the government of Lybia, and Cyrenaica, for the space of fifty years. Towards the close of his days he abandoned himself to pleasure, and particularly to excess at this table, which greatly impaired his heath. His widow Apame, whom Justin calls Arsinoe, resolved, after his death, to break off her daughter's marriage with the son of Ptolemy, as it had been concluded without her consent. With this view, she employed persons in Macedonia to invite Demetrius, the uncle of king Antigonus Gonatas, to come to her court, assuring him, at the same time, that her daughter and crown should be his. Demetrius arrived there in a short time; but as soon as Apame beheld him, she contracted a violent passion for him, and resolved to espouse him herself. From that moment he neglected the daughter to attach himself to the mother; and as he imagined that her favour raised him above all things, he began to treat the young princess as well as the minsters and officers of the army, in such an insolent and imperious manner, that they formed a resolution to destroy him. Berenice herself conducted the conspirators to the door of her mother's apartment, where they stabbed him in his bed, though Apame employed all her efforts to save him, and even covered him with her own body. Bernice, after this, went to Egypt, where her marriage with Ptolemy was consummated and Apame was sent to her brother Antiochus Theos, in Syria.
"This princess had the art to exasperate her brother so effectually against Ptolemy, that she at last spirited him up to a war, which continued for a long space of time , and was productive of fatal consequences to Antiochus, as will be evident in the sequel."
|NOTE||Antiochus Theos, due to revolts in his own empire, desires an end to the war started by Apame, and marries Ptolomy's daughter (also named Bernice) as a peace agreement.||NOTE|| Rollin II:77 "The troubles and revolts in the East made Antiochus at last desirous to disengage himself from the war with Ptolemy. A treaty of peace was accordingly concluded between them; and the conditions of it were, that Antiochus should divorce Laodice, and espouse Berenice, the daughter of Ptolemy; that he should also disinherit his issue by the first marriage, and secure the crown to his children by the second."
DAN 11:6 And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement:...
|NOTE||Ptolemy Philadelphus dies, moving Antiochus Theos to have the boldness to divorce Berenice, and reinstate Laodice on the throne who murders him, Berenice and her guard.||NOTE|| John Thomas' Paraphrase in Daniel:
"but she shall not retain the power of the arm of her father Ptolemy Philadelphus. Neither shall he her husband Antiochus stand; for Laodice his repudiated wife, whom he shall receive again when he divorces Berenice after her father;'s death, shall cause himi to be poisoned. Nor shall his arm, Berenice, stand; but she shall be given up to suffer death; and they, the Egyptians also that brought her to Syria; and he her son, whom she brought forth, and he that strengthened her in these time, shall die; and thus leave her to the mercy of Laodice, which will be treachery and death." Daniel, 48-49
Rollin II:80 "As soon as Antiochus Theos had received intelligence of the death of Ptolemy Philadelphus, his father-in-law, he divorced Berenice, and recalled Laodice and her children. Laodice, who knew the variable disposition and inconstancy of Antiochus, and was apprehensive that the same levity of mind would induce him to return to Berenice again, resolved to improve the present opportunity to secure the crown for her son...Laodice, therefore, caused Antiochus to be poisoned, and when she saw that he was dead, she placed in his bed an person named Aremon, who very much resembled him both in his features and in the tone of his voice, to act the part she had occasion for. ...In his name were issued orders, by which his eldest son Seleucus Callinicus was appointed his successor. His death was then declared, upon which Seleucus peaceably ascended the throne, and enjoyed it for the space of twenty years....
"Laodice, not believing herself safe as long as Berenice and her son lived, concerted measures with Seleucus to destroy them also: but Berenice being informed of their design, escaped with her son to Daphne, where she shut herself up in the asylum built by Seleucus Nicator. But being at last betrayed by the perfidy of those who besieged her there by the order of Laodice, first her son and then herself, with all the Egyptians who had accompanied her to that retreat, were murdered in the blackest and most inhuman manner."Dan. 11:6 "...but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times."
|NOTE||Ptolomy Euergetes, brother of Berenice avenges the death of his sister, and gains a decisive victory over Seleucus.||NOTE|| John Thomas Paraphrase in Daniel:
"But out of a branch of her parent roots, Ptolomy Euergetes her brother, shall stand up in his estate, or kingdom, and come with an army, and shall enter into Antioch the capital, and the fortress of the King of the norjth, and shall deal, or make war, against them, even against Laodice and her son Seleucus, and shall prevail: Daniel, pg. 49
Rollin II:80 "Her [Berenice's] brother, Ptolemy Euergetes was also as expeditious as possible to advance thither with a formidable army; but the unhappy Berenice and her children were dead before any of these auxiliary troops could arrive. When they therefore saw that all their endeavours to save the queen and her chilren were rendered ineffectual, they immediately determined to revenge her death in a remarkable manner. The troops of Asia joined those of Egypt, and Ptolemy, who commanded them, was as successful as he could desire in the satisfaction of his just resentment. Th criminal proceedings of Laodice, and of the king her son, who had make himself an accomplice in her barbarity, soon alienated the affection of the people from them; and Ptolemy not only caused Laodice to suffer death, but made himself master of all Syria and Cilicia after which he passed the Euphrates, and conquered all the country as far as Babylon and the Tigris, and if the progress of his arms had not been interrupted by a sedition which obliged him to return to Egypt, he would certainly have subdued all the provinces of the Syrian empire.
DAN 11:7 But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail:
|NOTE||The victory gained by P. Euergetes is significant.||NOTE|| Paraphrase of Dan. 11 by John Thomas: "...and Euergetes shall also carry captive into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and gold: and he shall continue to reign nine more years than the King of the North, who shall die a prisoner in Parthia five years before the King of Egypt. So the king of the south shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land,
Rollin II:80 "This prince carried off 40,000 talents of silver with a prodigious quantity of gold and silver vessels and 2,500 statues, part of which were those Egyptian idols that Cambyses, after his conquest of that kingdom, had sent into Persia. Ptolemy gained the hearts of his subjects by replacing those idols in their ancient temples, when he returned from this expedition; for the Egyptians, who were more devoted to their superstitious idolatry than all the rest of mankind, thought they could not sufficiently express their veneration and gratitude to a king, who had restored their gods to them in such a manner. Ptolemy derived from this action the title of Euergetes, which signified a benefactor, a title infinitely preferable to all appellations which conquerors have asusmed from a false idea of glory. "
DAN 11:8 And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue more years than the king of the north.
|NOTE||After the captivity of Seleucus Callinicus in Parthia, he leaves his throne to his eldest Seleucus Ceraunus; but the youngest at 14 yrs old and already an able field general. Antiochus, soon to be known as Antiochus the Great immediately begins a campaign to wrest the kingdom from his brother. He is not successful, but plunges the Kingdom into an entire state of war for many years.||NOTE|| Rollin: "Seleucus, [Ceraunus] in the extremities to which he was reduced, had made application to his brother Antiochus, whom he promised to invest with the sovereignty of the provinces of Asia Minor that were contiguous to Syria, provided he would join him with his troops, and act in concert with him. The young prince was then at the head of an army in those provinces; and though he was but fourteen years of age, yet, as he had all the ambition and malignity of mind that appear in men of an advanced age, he immediately accepted the offers made him, and advanced in quest of his brother, not with any intention to secure to him the enjoyment of his dominions, but to seize them for himself. His avidity was so great, and he was always so ready to seize for himself whatever came in his way, without the least regard to justice, that he acquired the surname of Hierax, which signifies a bird that pounces on all he finds, and thinks every thing good upon which he lays his talons."
DAN 11:10 But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: ...
|NOTE||Seleucus Callinicus dies in Parthia, and Seleucus Ceraunus is too weak to effectively take the throne,||NOTE||NOTE||226|
|NOTE||Seleucus Ceraunus dies, and Antiochus finally gains the throne. It took years for it all to work out, but eventually he won the crown, put down the rebellions in his kingdom and was left with the AEtolians or Romans to the west, and the Ptolemys in the South.||NOTE||NOTE||223|
|NOTE||After some success, taking him to victories in the northern provinces of Israel against the Egyptians, Ptolemy Philopater defeats him, he sues for peace, retreats, and focuses on the new threat from Rome.||NOTE||Dan. 11:10-11 "...and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress. And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand.||217|
|NOTE||Herod is made King of Palestine by Rome, BC 40||NOTE>||Rollin Vol 2:275 "Herod was declared King of Judah by the senate, and conducted by the consuls to the capitol where he received the investiture of the crown, with the ceremonies usual upon such occasions. (BC 40)||40|
|3863||Herod returns to Judah to declare war on Antigonus, last of Asmonaean Kings||NOTE||Rollin Vol 2:275 "It was not so easy for Herod to establish himself in possession of the kingdom of Judaea, as it had been to obtain his title from the Romans. Antigonus was not at all inclined to resign a throne which had cost him so much pains and money to acquire. He disputed it with him very vigorously for almost two years. (Starting BC 39 - 37)||39|
|3865||Herod victorious after two years, BC 37||NOTE||Rollin Vol. 2:275 "The Jews being driven from their posts, the enemy entered on all sides and made themselves masters of the city...Thus ended the reign of the Asmonaeans, after a duration of 129 years, reckoning from the beginning of the government of Judas Maccabaeus. Herod entered entered by this means upon the peaceable possession of the kingdom of Judaea." (BC 37)||37|
|NOTE||Herod begins to build the Temple||NOTE||
"Josephus tells us in one place (Bell. Jud., I, xxi, 1), that the Temple was begun in the fifteenth year of Herod, and in another (Ant., XV, ii, 1) in the eighteenth..."
The 18 year of his dejure reign, and the 15th year of his defacto reign would be the same year.
|NOTE||Birth of Christ, October 3, BC 7||NOTE||NOTE||7|
|NOTE||Death of Herod, March 13th BC 4||NOTE||NOTE||4|
|NOTE||Tiberius begins joint reign with Augustus||NOTE||NOTE||10 AD|
|NOTE||Jesus' Baptism at 30||NOTE||NOTE||AD 23|
|NOTE||End of 46 years of Building of the Temple||NOTE||JOH 2:19-20Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?||23 AD|
|NOTE||Jesus' death at 33 1/2 at Passover, End of Prophesy of 70 weeks, Beginning of 280 years gestation for the birth of the Man-child.||NOTE||NOTE||AD 27|
|NOTE||Death of Constantius 6 BC, Constantine takes his Fathers Portion||NOTE||NOTE||AD 306|
|NOTE|| Establishment of the Abomination of Desolation or Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount
Start of Daniel's 1260, 1290, and 1335
|NOTE|| DAN 12:6-7 And one said to the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, How long shall it be to the end of these wonders? And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished.
DAN 12:11-12 And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.
|5769||End of 2400 evening mornings from 3rd of Belshazzar||NOTE||DAN 8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. (Should be 2400, LXX)||1867|
|5819||7 Times passing on Israel end||NOTE||NOTE||1917|